Archive for the ‘MTCR’ Category

BIS Clarifies ECCNs 2B116 and 2B101

Monday, November 9th, 2009 by Danielle McClellan

BIS is once again amending the EAR. In November 2008 the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) members determined that it was necessary to clarify the controls related to ECCN 2B116, more directly to clarify that systems capable of a range of at least 300km, regardless of payload capacity fall under 2B116.  In order to make this jive with the current Regulations, BIS has issued a final rule adding, “capable of a range of at least 300 km” to ECCN’s 2B101 and 2B116.

This change is effective November 9, 2009. BIS has stated that “shipments of items removed from eligibility for a license exceptions or NLR as a result of this ruling that were on dock for loading, on lighter, laden aboard an exporting or reexporting carrier, or en route abroad a carrier to a port of export/reexport on November 9, 2009 pursuant to actual orders for export/reexport to a foreign destination may proceed to that destination under the previous eligibility for a license exception or NLR as long as they are exported/reexported before December 9, 2009.”

Federal Register:

BIS Makes Changes to What Requires a License

Sunday, July 20th, 2008 by Danielle McClellan

BIS is amending the Export Administration Regulations to reflect changes made the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). MTCR is an export control arrangement of 34 nations that share the goal of stemming the flow of missile systems capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction. The regime was originally created to prevent the spread of missiles capable of nuclear warheads, but as times and technology have changed, they have expanded their mission. Members voluntarily pledge to adopt the regime’s export Guidelines and restrict export of items contained in the regime’s Annex. The MTCR controls both military and dual-use items.

MTCR met and made changes to the Annex in November 2007. BIS is now amending the EAR to coincide with those modifications. Here are the changes: (more…)

US Announces New Export and Reexport Controls for North Korea

Friday, January 26th, 2007 by John Black

Bottom Line:

This new export licensing requirement that the United States is implementing consistent with a United Nations decision is good for a laugh. Now that North Korean Government officials can’t get I-Pods and stereos, they most certainly will end their nuclear weapons program. (OK, I am not so naïve as to think this new requirement will keep Kim Il Jung from getting an I-Pod.) Seems like the United Nations is developing a taste for useless symbolic export controls so long favored by the United States just because it’s better to do something that doesn’t help than to do nothing.

Due to the flagrant and defiant actions of North Korea over the past year relating to missile testing and the detonation of a nuclear device, the United States is imposing new export and reexport controls on North Korea. This new rule is in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 1718 which prohibits the direct or indirect sale of arms and other specified items to North Korea by UN Member States.


Commerce Implements MTCR Changes

Thursday, March 10th, 2005 by Scott Gearity

On March 10 the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) revised the Export Administration Regulations to reflect a number of changes with respect to missile controls resulting from the October, 2004 plenary meeting of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).


Commerce Revises Commerce Control List

Thursday, September 18th, 2003 by John Black

In the September 18, 2003 Federal Register the Commerce Department revised several Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCNs) in the Commerce Control List (CCL). These revisions potentially impact licensing requirements in these ECCNs:

ECCN 1C111: Commerce added new controls on mixed Oxides of Nitrogen

ECCN 7A103: Commerce adds new controls on “integrated navigation systems.” Specifically, the new 7A103 controls are: Integrated Navigation Systems, designed or modified for use in “missiles” and capable of providing a navigational accuracy of 200m Circular Error Probable (CEP) or less.

Technical Note: An “integrated navigation system” typically incorporates the following components:

  1. An inertial measurement device (e.g., an attitude and heading reference system, inertial reference unit, or inertial navigation system);
  2. One or more external sensors used to update the position and/or velocity, either periodically or continuously throughout the flight (e.g., satellite navigation receiver, radar altimeter, and/or Doppler radar);
  3. Integration hardware and software.

Now, as a practical matter, the majority (maybe even all) of integrated navigation systems designed or modified for use in missiles fall under the jurisdiction of the US Munitions List (USML), not the new controls in 7A103. The inclusion of these controls in the CCL may confuse exporters. Instead on speculating on situations where items specially designed or modified for missile might fall under the jurisdiction of the CCL, I will offer practical advice: You can avoid such confusion when you are classifying an item by asking the correct questions in the correct order: First, always determine whether an item is on the USML or the CCL by reading the USML and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. If determine that your missile navigation system is controlled by the US Munitions List, then you never would take the second step of reading the CCL and running into the perhaps confusing CCL controls on missile integrated navigation systems.

ECCN 9A106: Commerce added new controls on flight control servo valves. Specifically, 9A106 controls:

Flight control servo valves designed or modified for use in “missiles” and designed or modified to operate in a vibration environment of more than 10g RMS over the entire range between 20Hz and 2KHz.

Once again, you may wonder why the CCL controls servo valves designed or modified for use in missiles. Use the same approach to classification discussed above for integrated navigation systems and you may never have to really face this apparent confusing situation.

Commerce also revised these ECCNs to add cross-references and clarifications:

7A005: Cross-reference to 7A105 and 7A994 added.
7A105: Clarification and cross-reference to 7A005 and 7A994 added.
7A994: Clarification.

Commerce also added new definitions of “payload” and “range to Part 772 of the EAR.

Some of the changes are based on the September 2002 agreement by the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) to change the MTCR Annex. The MTCR is a group of many technologically advanced countries and the MTCR Annex is the list of items for which each member country agrees to impose export controls.

Commerce Revised Missile Technology Controls

Thursday, May 30th, 2002 by John Black

In the May 20, 2002 Federal Register the Commerce Department revised two entries in the Commerce Control List to reflect an agreement reached at the September 2001 meeting of the multilateral Missile Technology Control Regime. The first change is to ECCN 1C107 and clarifies that recrystalized bulk graphite is “usable in missiles” and controlled only when it is in specified cylinder, tube or block forms of specified sizes. The second change is to ECCN 9A101 and changes two control criteria lightweight turbojet and turbofan engines usable in missiles (other than engines controlled in 9A001): The maximum thrust value goes from 1000 N to 400N and the specific fuel consumption goes from 0.13 kg/N/hr to 0.15 kg/N/hr.

The new regulation did not address the fact that the United States continues to violate the MTCR agreement by not requiring licenses for exports of dual-use and commercial MTCR items to Canada.